Tоday is nоt а rеgular day. Tоday is Star Wars Day!
Wеll, unоfficiаlly it is. Fаns оf thе frаnchisе аdоptеd May 4 аs thе day tо cеlеbrаtе аll things Star Wars simply bеcаusе “May the 4th” sounds а lоt likе “May the force be with you.”
Apparеntly, wе might hаvе fоrmеr British prime minister Margaret Thatcher tо thаnk fоr this trаditiоn. Shе wаs еlеctеd оn May 4, 1979 — twо yеars аftеr Star Wars wаs rеlеаsеd. Entеrtаinmеnt Wееkly rеpоrts thаt аn аd in thе Lоndоn Evеning Nеws rеаd, “May The Fourth Be With You, Mаggiе. Cоngrаtulаtiоns.”
But it wаsn’t until yеars lаtеr (yоu knоw, bеcаusе оf thе Intеrnеt) thаt thе phrаsе truly tооk оff. In 2011, thе Tоrоntо Undеrgrоund Cinеmа in Cаnаdа put tоgеthеr аn оrgаnizеd cеlеbrаtiоn with а cоstumе cоntеst аnd а film fеstivаl.
Nоw, businеssеs hаvе cаught оn tо this unоfficiаl hоliday by оffеring spеciаl dеаls аnd discоunts оn Star Wars-rеlаtеd mеrchаndisе. If yоu wаnt tо kееp cоrpоrаtiоns frоm cо-оpting thе day, thеn bust оut yоur Princеss Lеiа cоstumе аnd lеt yоursеlf gеt а littlе wеird tоday. May the 4th be with all of you.
The most mysterious numbers are 6174, 142857 and 19790509. Do you know why?
The number 6174 is a really mysterious number. At first glance, it might not seem so obvious. But as we are about to see, anyone who can subtract can uncover the mystery that makes 6174 so special.
In 1949 the mathematician D. R. Kaprekar from Devlali, India, devised a process now known as Kaprekar’s operation. First choose a four digit number where the digits are not all the same (that is not 1111, 2222,…). Then rearrange the digits to get the largest and smallest numbers these digits can make. Finally, subtract the smallest number from the largest to get a new number, and carry on repeating the operation for each new number.
It is a simple operation, but Kaprekar discovered it led to a surprising result. Let’s try it out, starting with the number 2005, the digits of last year. The maximum number we can make with these digits is 5200, and the minimum is 0025 or 25 (if one or more of the digits is zero, embed these in the left hand side of the minimum number). The subtractions are:
When we reach 6174 the operation repeats itself, returning 6174 every time. We call the number 6174 a kernel of this operation. So 6174 is a kernel for Kaprekar’s operation, but is this as special as 6174 gets? Well not only is 6174 the only kernel for the operation, it also has one more surprise up its sleeve. Let’s try again starting with a different number, say 1789.
We reached 6174 again!
6174: a very mysterious number…
A very mysterious number…
When we started with 2005 the process reached 6174 in seven steps, and for 1789 in three steps. In fact, you reach 6174 for all four digit numbers that don’t have all the digits the same. It’s marvellous, isn’t it? Kaprekar’s operation is so simple but uncovers such an interesting result. And this will become even more intriguing when we think about the reason why all four digit numbers reach this mysterious number 6174.
Okay, it’s just a number, right? But did you know that when it is multiplied and manipulated, it displays some really amazing properties? For example:
142,857 x 1 = 142,857
142,857 x 2 = 285,714
142,857 x 3 = 428,571
142,857 x 4 = 571,428
142,857 x 5 = 714,285
142,857 x 6 = 857,142
Did you notice anything?
It’s always the same numbers moving along as if on a ribbon… simply amazing, huh?
And how about
142,857 x 7 = 999,999
And if we add 142 + 857= 999
And if we add 14 + 28 + 57= 99
142,857 x 142,857 = 20,408,122,449
20,408 + 122,449 = 142,857
And how about
142,857 x 8 = 1,142,856
Remove the first digit (1) and add it to the last digit (6) and we get 142,857
And how about
142,857 x 9 = 1,285,713
Remove the last digit (3) and add it to the first digit (1) and then move the second to last digit (1) to the front and we get 142,857
And how about
142,857 x 11 = 1,571,427
Remove the first digit (1) and add it to the last digit (7) and then move the second and third digit (5,7) to the end and we get 142,857
And how about
142,857 x 12 = 1,714,284
Take the first digit (1) and add it to the last digit (4) and then move the second digit (7) to the end and we get 142,857
And how about
142,857 x 15 = 2,142,855
Remove the first digit (2) and add it to the last digit (5) and we get 142,857
Can you discover some more interesting mathematical manipulations involving 142,857?
The infamous Stuxnet worm continues to capture the imagination of the general public, with theories that it was written to target nuclear plants inside Iran.
One of the so-called clues that is frequently rolled out in articles about Stuxnet is the mysterious string of characters that the worm leaves inside the Registry on infected Windows computers:
Most commentators have decided to read this as a date – namely, 9th of May, 1979.
Clearly the date isn’t being used by the worm as a trigger for a payload, as it’s over thirty years ago in the past. Instead, it’s used by the Stuxnet malware to tell whether it has already infected a computer.
It feels like everyone is focusing on the fact that a Jewish Iranian businessman, Habib Elghanian, was executed by a firing squad in Tehran on May 9 1979, and like to link it with the marker inside the Stuxnet worm.
But should we be a little more cautious and look for something more than circumstantial evidence before treating the characters 19790509 like that?
After all, 9th May 1979 is also the birthday of actress Rosario Dawson.
Come on, you must know her – she was in Kids, Men in Black II and the recent Percy Jackson & The Lightning Thief movie.
She even speaks a little Klingon.
With a pedigree like that surely she’s a prime candidate for some geek lust, and an obsessed fan might be tempted to embed her date of birth into a piece of malware?
Or maybe Stuxnet’s author is a huge fan of “The Grateful Dead”? Perhaps his favourite record is a bootleg of their 9th May 1979 concert at Broome County Arena, Binghamton, NY, where they sang “China Cat Sunflower”, “Friend of the Devil” and “Wharf Rat” amongst others?
Or could it be that the mysterious creator of Stuxnet is not commemorating the death of Habib Elghanian, but instead the passing of multi-millionaire Cyrus S Eaton, composer Lan Adomian, jazz vocalist Eddie Jefferson, and Australian politician Sir Charles Adermann? All of whom also died on 9th May 1979.
All this is assuming, of course, that 19790509 is a date in the form “yyyymmdd”.
It could equally have been the coder’s preferred Bingo numbers (19, 79, 05, 09).
Or, it could be that whoever wrote Stuxnet liked to use the date format “yyyyddmm” which would mean that we’re all focusing on the wrong date entirely.
(By the way, although rare, there are programs which appear to use the ‘yyyyddmm’ date format – just Google it)
If the coder had adopted the ‘yyyyddmm’ date format then that would mean we should be considering 5th September 1979 instead.
Which just happens to be the birthday of footballers John Carew (Norwegian), George O’Callaghan (Irish) and Salvatore Mastronunzio (Italian). Additionally, according to Wikipedia, it’s the date of birth of Stacey Dales (a Canadian basketball player and sportscaster) and English scrabble player Stewart Holden.
I imagine there are thousands of different interpretations we could give to the number 19790509, and maybe we should be a little more cautious of jumping to conclusions. After all, it could just as easily be the creator’s own date of birth, or his parent’s wedding day, or an entirely randomly chosen number.
Unless we find whoever is responsible for Stuxnet, my guess is that no-one will ever know for sure.
There is no doubt that people can earn a little Bitcoin by visiting websites or clicking on ads. For webmasters, they can earn more by driving their visitors to do such things.
The following are top rated Bitcoin earning programs for webmasters…
Shorten URLs and earn on each click made on your link. Turn any content you create into cash: websites, blogs, tweets, forum posts, torrents, images, etc. They offer competitive rates and pay out the largest part of the funds paid by advertisers.
Bitvisitor pays users to visit websites. Visitors are unique in that they are highly influential, early adopters with valid Bitcoin wallets. All visitors are CAPTCHA verified. They now offers a 50% profit sharing affiliate program! You can earn 50% of total profit everytime someone you refer visits one of their advertiser’s sites!
Their system is blisteringly simple to use. Just send hits to the following link: http://www.BitHits.info/index.php?ref=[Your BTC Address]. Thats it! Just start telling your visitors about that link and then make a few more BTC in the process.
Linden dollars and Bitcoins are most famous digital money in the world. Do you know that you can buy bitcoins with lindens? Moreover, by doing this it becomes possible to buy bitcoins with your Paypal and credit card!
Go to VirWoX and and register with them. Note that you do not need to submit your second life avatar name, just ignore it.
Login to your VirWoX account, deposit some real money using Paypal, Credit card, Paysafe card, Sofort banking or Neteller. Note that
VirWoX restricts amount of deposits for avoiding fraud risks.
Buy some linden dollars with the funds you deposited in step 2.
Buy bitcoins with linden dollars bought in step 3.
Now you own some bitcoins in your VirWoX wallet, you can transfer these bitcoins to your prepared personal wallet. It is done!
Unfortunately, VirWoX posted an important announcement on 2014-02-12. BITCOIN WITHDRAWALS SUSPENDED! Because of a denial-of-service attack against the Bitcoin protocol, they have to suspend bitcoin withdrawals temporarily until a software fix is issued.
Capital Exchange Stock Market Simulation Game
(Also known as “CapEx”)
CEO and Majority Owner
What is the Second Life Capital Exchange?
Capital Exchange Stock Market Simulation Game (“CapEx”) is a Stock Market Simulation operating adjacent to Second Life(R). Our website, www.slcapex.com, provides a platform for trading stocks of virtual companies conducting business within Second Life. Second Life is a trademark of Linden Lab. The website www.slcapex.com and its affiliates are NOT affiliated with Linden Lab. By depositing Lindens in the CapEx ATM or using the website www.slcapex.com, you agree to all the policies and terms of service listed at: http://www.slcapex.com/content/info.
Why should you list your company at Capital Exchange? Read below:
Introduction to an IPO – Short Version
You’re interested in raising Lindens for your business, but it’s not very easy, is it? We at CapEx give you a better way to do so. In the last 24 months we have helped companies sell over L$200,000,000 in virtual stock! Basically, here it how this works:
1) You come up with a plan for your existing company (we prefer companies that are already break-even or making a profit); explaining how it will sustain itself over the long term with reliable income, and profits to pay out to those that wish to invest in you. At the current time we are not accepting applications from “new” companies that haven’t formed yet.
2) You present your business plan to CapEx. We will interview you, review your plan, and determine if we think your business will be sustainable for listing. A company review could take between 10-30 days as we are very careful who we allow to list.
3) If approved, you choose how much stock you wish to create for your company, most times keeping a majority of stock for the CEO (usually yourself). This is called an “Initial Public Offering” (IPO) of your stock. You have to balance your need for Lindens with how much capital you think you can raise. It’s not going to be easy – you’ll have to go out there and sell your idea to investors but it can be fun and it’s good advertising for your company.
4) Once you sell all your stock to investors, your company is listed on CapEx. People can now buy and sell your stock on the open market. It’s your responsibility to maintain your company within the rules of the exchange.
5) As time goes on, you pay a dividend to all your shareholders using your profits. This is how you keep your investors happy. Because you also own stock, this is usually how you pay yourself. You’ll be responsible to file monthly financials and to keep in contact with your shareholders/investors.
So those are the basics. Below you can read a more detailed version about the technical aspects of listing a virtual company on CapEx. Please note that you must read and agree to everything in this Notecard as well as all the rules and regulations of CapEx before applying.
If you think you qualify for your virtual company to be listed on CapEx, contact CEO Skip Oceanlane within Second Life, or e-mail him at email@example.com. Thank you for your interest and we wish you the best of luck!
CEO and Majority Shareholder
Here are all our listed companies as of March 23, 2012:
ADS – Second Ads
ARK – Arkad’s Products
BDVR – Blue Diamond Virtual Reit
BOOT – Bootgasm
BOTS – SmartBots
BRC – BR Corporation
BSF – CapEx Beta Stock Fund
CAPX – Capital Exchange
DFH – Digital Financial Holdings
DMC – Digital Mining Company
DMWA – Dead Men Walk Again
DSF – CapEx Delta Stock Fund
EAC – EA Creations
EARN – Earn2Life.com
EDMO – Edmose Group
EFT – EF Technologies
EVO – EVO Breeding Co.
FAC – Fairey Angel Creations
FKH – Flying Kitten Holdings
GSF – CapEx Gamma Stock Fund
GVC – GVConsulting
HCS – Hostcrate
ICE – Int’l Currency Exchange
IMBR – IMBROKERS Inc.
ITA – WNB ITA Holding
LIA – Legal Insanity Architecture
LLC – L&L Corporation Inc.
LLF – Leather & Lace Fashions
MLS – MiLOS Designs
MRG – Marix Group
MSX – Moneyservers Exchange
NBC – Nintai Brokerage Corp.
NIC – Nestler Investment Corp.
OIG – Online Investment Group
OMG – OMG! Inc
OSF – CapEx Omega Stock Fund
PLK – PixeLook.net
RPG – The Destiny RPG
SAS – SL Special Situations
SEC – Secondnights.com
SSF – CapEx Sigma Stock Fund
TALT – Triple A Lindex Trading
VBL – Verballis Translations Serv.
VES – Vestigium
VGW – Virtual Groundworks
VHEA – VH Employment Agency
VRS – Virtual Retailers
VSIF – Virtual Stock Invest. Fund
VTM – Virtual Tallinn Merch
YSL – Yanko Sella Land Company
ZEN – Zhenya Zoning Real Estate
Introduction to an IPO – Detailed Version
(5) – IPO UNDERWRITING POLICIES
(5.1.a) – Thank you for considering listing your company on the SLCapEx.com website. Our Underwriting Policies and Guidelines for submitting an IPO APPLICATION are defined below. Before Submitting an application as an IPO CANDIDATE please thoroughly familiarize yourself with our IPO UNDERWRITING POLICIES. This policy describes our minimum underwriting requirements, our IPO process, review criteria, and a general timeline for our evaluation of your submittal.
(5.1.b) – IPO Applicants should fully understand our “CONTINUED LISTING REQUIREMENTS” which outline the OBLIGATIONS and FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITIES you would have to SHAREHOLDERS, should you successfully complete an IPO and commence trading as a PUBLIC COMPANY.
PLEASE CONSIDER THESE OBLIGATIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE SUBMITTING AN APPLICATION – the TIME required to be successful here OFTEN exceeds 10-15 hours OR MORE per week.
(5.1.c) – Your RESPONSIBILITIES and OBLIGATIONS to SLCapEx.com, LLC are also described herein, including our COMPLIANCE and ENFORCEMENT POLICIES, FEES and FINES YOU and/or your COMPANY could be subject to should you violate our RULES.
(5.1.d) – SLCapEx.com ONLY accepts and considers IPO APPLICATIONS for entities that operate either EXCLUSIVELY WITHIN the Second Life(R) Environment, or entities that operate OUTSIDE of SL EXCLUSIVELY IN SUPPORT OF the Second Life(R) Environment and community.
At SLCapEx’s sole discretion, this may INCLUDE SL COMMERCE WEBSITES and/or ONLINE BLOGS or PERIODICALS, or other PUBLICATIONS whose editorial content predominately supports the SL community.
As a general Guideline, we tend to disqualify or reject most START-UP companies that have no operating history or existing revenue base. These types of SL businesses have historically experienced extremely high failure rates as Public Companies. However, IF your business concept is of exceptional merit and includes well-defined objectives and reasonably achievable financial goals, SLCapEx may be able to help you secure private venture funding to launch your company.
SLCapEx.com DOES NOT ACCEPT OR CONSIDER IPO APPLICATIONS that endeavor to pursue entrepreneurial opportunites unrelated to Second Life(R), or that attempt to leverage any RL commodity or Financial Instrument for capital gain or Financial Advantage on behalf of the SL Capital Exchange User Community.
SLCapEx will DISQUALIFY and REJECT out-of-hand without reservation any IPO Application that purports to offer any opportunity for RL monetary gain.
(5.1.e) – IF your company is currently listed on another SL Stock Exchange, and you are considering MOVING and RELISTING your COMPANY at SLCapEx.com, PLEASE, contact SLCapEx CEO Skip Oceanlane either IN-WORLD or via AOL E-Mail: (firstname.lastname@example.org) PRIOR TO ANNOUNCING OR DISCLOSING YOUR INTENT.
Our Underwriting policies DIFFER SUBSTANTIALLY from other Exchanges and we generally move rather pragmatically as a result. We welcome opportunities to discuss the merits of your company and ours, as well as the potential benefits and risks inherent in contemplating such a move Please be assured, we will maintain complete *CONFIDENTIALITY and NON-DISCLOSURE* with respect to such dialogue.
As a self-regulating entity, SLCapEx vigorously monitors and enforces its policies. We do this NOT so much as a punitive action against our member-companies, but rather as part of a good-faith effort on behalf of Investors who’ve often had litte voice in the SL Finance Community, and on occasion an even still smaller voice in the governance of the companies who trade within the SL Finance Community.
SLCapEx’s policies have been amended (effective January 15, 2011) as part of a broad attempt to fundamentally change the status quo within our at-large community. Our forward success will be determined largely by the willingness and ability of our MEMBER-COMPANIES – and our INVESTORS – to ABIDE BY THESE POLICIES.
(5.2) – IPO CANDIDATE OFFICER REQUIREMENTS – SLCapEx IPO CANDIDATE COMPANIES must organize and elect a BOARD OF DIRECTORS (BoD) consisting of at minimum three persons and constituting IN ANY CONFIGURATION the following roles:
* a CHAIRMAN of the BOARD (COB),
* a CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO),
* a CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER (CFO), and
* AT LEAST ONE INDEPENDENT OUTSIDE DIRECTOR / BOARD MEMBER – (defined as a person having no direct operational responsibility for the day-to-day activities of the company).
The BoD may appoint additional OFFICERS (CCO, CIO, CMO, COO, CTO, etc.) where appropriate.
NOTICE: The 2:1 RATIO of OFFICERS to OUTSIDE DIRECTORS MUST PREVAIL AT ALL TIMES.
(5.2.a) – By Definition, the COB is responsible FOR/TO the SHAREHOLDERS above ALL else. Typically the COB is also responsible for articulating the strategic Business Plan, and for oversight of all other Company Officers.
(5.2.b) – The CEO is responsible for the company’s operational performance and tactical execution of the Business Plan.
(5.2.c) – The CFO is responsible for the Financial performance of the company, and particularly for producing and distributing an accurate INCOME STATEMENT and BALANCE SHEET each month.
(5.2.d) – The OUTSIDE DIRECTOR/BOARDMEMBER(s) is/are responsible for monitoring the character and integrity of the BoD independently, and shall report any irregularities he/she may discover to the SHAREHOLDERS and SLCapEx promptly.
(5.2.e) – The BoD shall serve AT THE DISCRETION OF THE SHAREHOLDERS as determined by a COMMON MAJORITY SHAREHOLDER VOTE for a TERM LIMIT as DEFINED in a Corporate Charter, Business Plan, Articles of Incorporation, Prospectus, Published Shareholder Meeting Minutes or other documents that adequately describes the roles and responsibilities, and SERVICE TERM of EACH OFFICER.
Such document shall additionally define the NOMINATION and ELECTION PROCESS for the replacement of Board Members should an Officer resign or otherwise fail to complete their term (ie; Special Election).
(5.2.f) – At company formation, the BoD MUST DEFINE a BUSINESS SUCCESSION PLAN that clearly and definitively articulates a strategy for either the CONTINUATION OF THE BUSINESS AS AN ONGOING CONCERN or LIQUIDATION OF ITS ASSETS IN A MANNER PREFERENTIAL TO NON-OFFICER SHAREHOLDERS in the event that an OFFICER OR FOUNDER exits the business unexpectedly.
Such plan must be PUBLISHED on SLCapEx AND DISTRIBUTED to SHAREHOLDERS as a BINDING COVENANT and ADMINISTERED in good faith as countersigned by each member of the BoD.
(5.2.g) – ALL OFFICERS shall meet the following minimum requirements;
(i) – Must be a “Resident” of Second Life(R) in good standing for a minimum of 90 days prior to commencing an IPO as evidenced by the “BORN:” date displayed in your SL Avatar Profile,
(ii) – Must have “Payment Information” on file with Linden Lab as evidenced by the information contained in the “ACCOUNT:” field of your SL Avatar Profile,
(iii) – Must be articulate and fluent in the English Language.
(5.2.i) – ALL of the foregoing IPO CANDIDATE OFFICER REQUIREMENTS must be on-file and complete to the sole satisfaction of SLCapEx PRIOR TO THE COMMENCEMENT and SALE OF INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING SHARES TO THE PUBLIC. In the event that a BoD is NEWLY NOMINATED as part of the IPO, such nominations shall be RATIFIED BY SHAREHOLDERS WITHIN 30 DAYS of THE COMMENCEMENT OF TRADING FOLLOWING THE SUCESSFUL COMPLETION OF AN IPO.
Virtual money is money that exists in digital form. It must not be physical, such as printed paper money or minted metal or coins. Today virtual money, or say virtual currency, may refer to
1. a digital currency like famous Bitcoin, Ripple, Litecoin
2. a currency in a virtual economy like linden dollar in the most successful Internet game Second Life
People can exchange between their real money and those virtual money at online virtual money exchange service providers. Most of these providers are not banks or other real world financial dealers, people may risk themselves when doing online virtual money exchange.
Some people own virtual money for their online games or other digital experiences, some for making money. How about you? Do you have your own virtual money? Are you going to buy some?