老余的博客

关注一系列虚头巴脑的事情,从证券投资到时间旅行

有感于引力波的发现

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2016年猴年春节,在我们普天同庆欢度新春佳节的时候,科学界发生了一件大事,美国科学机构LIGO于2月11日公布,该机构在2015年9月14日成功地发现或者说侦测到了引力波。

引力波最早由爱因斯坦在100年前提出,在他的广义相对论里,断言了引力波的存在。广义相对论在这一百年里已经不断地被科学界所接受、承认和推崇,爱因斯坦根据广义相对论所做出的种种匪夷所思的推断,除了引力波,都已经基本被验证。至此,爱因斯坦广义相对论实验验证中最后一块缺失的“拼图”被填补了。

什么是引力波?简单说,就是“时空的涟漪”。在爱因斯坦的宇宙中,空间和时间是一体的,这种结合在一起的时空混合体造成了物质的运动,而物质本身,由于其存在的质量,又能对时空统一体造成形变和扭曲。当时空变形后,会以波的形式向外传递,这就是引力波。

LIGO于2015年9月14日侦测到的引力波,来源于13亿年以前两个黑洞的剧烈合并,此波源被命名为GW150914。只有这么大规模的时空扰动所形成的引力波,才能在经过漫长的13亿年以后,被我们地球人类精密设计的仪器所捕获。

LIGO,激光干涉引力波天文台,是美国分别在路易斯安那州的列文斯顿和华盛顿州的汉福德建造的两个引力波探测器,被一群有着非凡智慧、大胆想象力和持之以恒精神的科学家所设立和运行。在坚持了自己的理念多年后,他们终于取得了成就,这个成就应该被载入人类史册。

LIGO的创始人之一,基普索恩,可能更为我们中国人认识,他是美国著名的理论物理学家,在国际物理学界,是与霍金齐名的重量级人物。他是去年好莱坞科幻大片《星际穿越》的科学顾问。在《星际穿越》中,引力波已经被提及并成为推动剧情发展的重要元素。

对于中国科幻爱好者来说,刘慈欣的《三体》中也把引力波作为未来人类探索宇宙中的一个重要工具。

引力波的探测对于对于我们人类对宇宙起源、时空本质的理解非常重要的。它的初衷可能只是验证、或者否定广义相对论的正确性,但是它的物理意义是远超于此。科学家们感叹,2016年开始,人类物理学和宇宙学的发展将进入“引力波”时代。

想象一下,13亿年前,距离地球13亿光年之遥的黑暗宇宙中,两个数十倍太阳质量的黑洞旋转、碰撞、合并,对时空造成的扭曲所形成的涟漪,以每秒三十万公里的速度在宇宙中行进了13亿年,直到今天,被一个小小的地球上的生物所感知……

好吧,科普到此为止。我们这些地球上的芸芸众生,面对浩瀚无垠的宇宙时空,在感叹、膜拜之余,还要继续柴米油盐的生活。

回到股市中来……

首先,2016年科技概念将会大行其道。猴年伊始,引力波的发现可以说是点燃了科技概念股的导火索,各大财经网站和论坛,都已经迅速地出现所谓“引力波”概念股的列表。中国在探索引力波方面也已经有了进展,本土重大引力波探测工程“天琴计划”已经于2015年7月份正式启动,想必也会进一步刺激“引力波”概念在资本市场的热度。

其次,影视文化领域,根据刘慈欣的获奖科幻小说《三体》改编的同名电影,将于2016年暑期上映,必会掀起科幻相关影视小说IP的炒作。中国在科幻方面的落后,反而会为资本市场带来崭新的炒作热点和想象空间。我们无法期待中国会出现爱因斯坦、霍金、索恩这样的科学家,也无法期待中国能够拍出《2001太空漫游》、《星际穿越》这样的恢宏科幻巨作,但是不是可以期待在媒体上除了“宫廷穿越”、“盗墓吹灯”之外,未来能够涌现出一些真正意义上的科学、科普、科幻作品呢?


May the Fourth Be With You – Happy Star Wars Day 2014

Gеt оut yоur Princеss Lеiа cоstumеs аnd lightsabers аnd gеt rеаdy tо party

Tоday is nоt а rеgular day. Tоday is Star Wars Day!

Wеll, unоfficiаlly it is. Fаns оf thе frаnchisе аdоptеd May 4 аs thе day tо cеlеbrаtе аll things Star Wars simply bеcаusе “May the 4th” sounds а lоt likе “May the force be with you.”

Apparеntly, wе might hаvе fоrmеr British prime minister Margaret Thatcher tо thаnk fоr this trаditiоn. Shе wаs еlеctеd оn May 4, 1979 — twо yеars аftеr Star Wars wаs rеlеаsеd. Entеrtаinmеnt Wееkly rеpоrts thаt аn аd in thе Lоndоn Evеning Nеws rеаd, “May The Fourth Be With You, Mаggiе. Cоngrаtulаtiоns.”

But it wаsn’t until yеars lаtеr (yоu knоw, bеcаusе оf thе Intеrnеt) thаt thе phrаsе truly tооk оff. In 2011, thе Tоrоntо Undеrgrоund Cinеmа in Cаnаdа put tоgеthеr аn оrgаnizеd cеlеbrаtiоn with а cоstumе cоntеst аnd а film fеstivаl.

Nоw, businеssеs hаvе cаught оn tо this unоfficiаl hоliday by оffеring spеciаl dеаls аnd discоunts оn Star Wars-rеlаtеd mеrchаndisе. If yоu wаnt tо kееp cоrpоrаtiоns frоm cо-оpting thе day, thеn bust оut yоur Princеss Lеiа cоstumе аnd lеt yоursеlf gеt а littlе wеird tоday. May the 4th be with all of you.


The most mysterious numbers

The most mysterious numbers are 6174,  142857 and 19790509. Do you know why?

6174

The number 6174 is a really mysterious number. At first glance, it might not seem so obvious. But as we are about to see, anyone who can subtract can uncover the mystery that makes 6174 so special.

Kaprekar’s operation

In 1949 the mathematician D. R. Kaprekar from Devlali, India, devised a process now known as Kaprekar’s operation. First choose a four digit number where the digits are not all the same (that is not 1111, 2222,…). Then rearrange the digits to get the largest and smallest numbers these digits can make. Finally, subtract the smallest number from the largest to get a new number, and carry on repeating the operation for each new number.

It is a simple operation, but Kaprekar discovered it led to a surprising result. Let’s try it out, starting with the number 2005, the digits of last year. The maximum number we can make with these digits is 5200, and the minimum is 0025 or 25 (if one or more of the digits is zero, embed these in the left hand side of the minimum number). The subtractions are:

5200 – 0025 = 5175
7551 – 1557 = 5994
9954 – 4599 = 5355
5553 – 3555 = 1998
9981 – 1899 = 8082
8820 – 0288 = 8532
8532 – 2358 = 6174
7641 – 1467 = 6174

When we reach 6174 the operation repeats itself, returning 6174 every time. We call the number 6174 a kernel of this operation. So 6174 is a kernel for Kaprekar’s operation, but is this as special as 6174 gets? Well not only is 6174 the only kernel for the operation, it also has one more surprise up its sleeve. Let’s try again starting with a different number, say 1789.

9871 – 1789 = 8082
8820 – 0288 = 8532
8532 – 2358 = 6174

We reached 6174 again!
6174: a very mysterious number…

A very mysterious number…

When we started with 2005 the process reached 6174 in seven steps, and for 1789 in three steps. In fact, you reach 6174 for all four digit numbers that don’t have all the digits the same. It’s marvellous, isn’t it? Kaprekar’s operation is so simple but uncovers such an interesting result. And this will become even more intriguing when we think about the reason why all four digit numbers reach this mysterious number 6174.

142857

Okay, it’s just a number, right? But did you know that when it is multiplied and manipulated, it displays some really amazing properties? For example:
142,857 x 1 = 142,857
142,857 x 2 = 285,714
142,857 x 3 = 428,571
142,857 x 4 = 571,428
142,857 x 5 = 714,285
142,857 x 6 = 857,142

Did you notice anything?
It’s always the same numbers moving along as if on a ribbon… simply amazing, huh?

And how about
142,857 x 7 = 999,999
And if we add 142 + 857= 999
And if we add 14 + 28 + 57= 99

Or
142,857 x 142,857 = 20,408,122,449
Then
20,408 + 122,449 = 142,857

And how about
142,857 x 8 = 1,142,856
Remove the first digit (1) and add it to the last digit (6) and we get 142,857

And how about
142,857 x 9 = 1,285,713
Remove the last digit (3) and add it to the first digit (1) and then move the second to last digit (1) to the front and we get 142,857

And how about
142,857 x 11 = 1,571,427
Remove the first digit (1) and add it to the last digit (7) and then move the second and third digit (5,7) to the end and we get 142,857

And how about
142,857 x 12 = 1,714,284
Take the first digit (1) and add it to the last digit (4) and then move the second digit (7) to the end and we get 142,857

And how about
142,857 x 15 = 2,142,855
Remove the first digit (2) and add it to the last digit (5) and we get 142,857

Can you discover some more interesting mathematical manipulations involving 142,857?

19790509

The infamous Stuxnet worm continues to capture the imagination of the general public, with theories that it was written to target nuclear plants inside Iran.

One of the so-called clues that is frequently rolled out in articles about Stuxnet is the mysterious string of characters that the worm leaves inside the Registry on infected Windows computers:

19790509

Most commentators have decided to read this as a date – namely, 9th of May, 1979.

Clearly the date isn’t being used by the worm as a trigger for a payload, as it’s over thirty years ago in the past. Instead, it’s used by the Stuxnet malware to tell whether it has already infected a computer.

It feels like everyone is focusing on the fact that a Jewish Iranian businessman, Habib Elghanian, was executed by a firing squad in Tehran on May 9 1979, and like to link it with the marker inside the Stuxnet worm.

But should we be a little more cautious and look for something more than circumstantial evidence before treating the characters 19790509 like that?

Rosario Dawson

After all, 9th May 1979 is also the birthday of actress Rosario Dawson.

Come on, you must know her – she was in Kids, Men in Black II and the recent Percy Jackson & The Lightning Thief movie.

She even speaks a little Klingon.

With a pedigree like that surely she’s a prime candidate for some geek lust, and an obsessed fan might be tempted to embed her date of birth into a piece of malware?

Or maybe Stuxnet’s author is a huge fan of “The Grateful Dead”? Perhaps his favourite record is a bootleg of their 9th May 1979 concert at Broome County Arena, Binghamton, NY, where they sang “China Cat Sunflower”, “Friend of the Devil” and “Wharf Rat” amongst others?

Or could it be that the mysterious creator of Stuxnet is not commemorating the death of Habib Elghanian, but instead the passing of multi-millionaire Cyrus S Eaton, composer Lan Adomian, jazz vocalist Eddie Jefferson, and Australian politician Sir Charles Adermann? All of whom also died on 9th May 1979.

All this is assuming, of course, that 19790509 is a date in the form “yyyymmdd”.

It could equally have been the coder’s preferred Bingo numbers (19, 79, 05, 09).

Or, it could be that whoever wrote Stuxnet liked to use the date format “yyyyddmm” which would mean that we’re all focusing on the wrong date entirely.

(By the way, although rare, there are programs which appear to use the ‘yyyyddmm’ date format – just Google it)

If the coder had adopted the ‘yyyyddmm’ date format then that would mean we should be considering 5th September 1979 instead.

Scrabble keyboard
Which just happens to be the birthday of footballers John Carew (Norwegian), George O’Callaghan (Irish) and Salvatore Mastronunzio (Italian). Additionally, according to Wikipedia, it’s the date of birth of Stacey Dales (a Canadian basketball player and sportscaster) and English scrabble player Stewart Holden.

Hmm..

I imagine there are thousands of different interpretations we could give to the number 19790509, and maybe we should be a little more cautious of jumping to conclusions. After all, it could just as easily be the creator’s own date of birth, or his parent’s wedding day, or an entirely randomly chosen number.

Unless we find whoever is responsible for Stuxnet, my guess is that no-one will ever know for sure.


Top rated Bitcoin earning programs for webmasters

Top_rated_Bitcoin_earning_programs_for_webmasters

Top rated Bitcoin earning programs for webmasters

There is no doubt that people can earn a little Bitcoin by visiting websites or clicking on ads. For webmasters, they can earn more by driving their visitors to do such things.

The following are top rated Bitcoin earning programs for webmasters…

1. coinurl.com

Shorten URLs and earn on each click made on your link. Turn any content you create into cash: websites, blogs, tweets, forum posts, torrents, images, etc. They offer competitive rates and pay out the largest part of the funds paid by advertisers.

2. bitvisitor.com

Bitvisitor pays users to visit websites. Visitors are unique in that they are highly influential, early adopters with valid Bitcoin wallets. All visitors are CAPTCHA verified. They now offers a 50% profit sharing affiliate program! You can earn 50% of total profit everytime someone you refer visits one of their advertiser’s sites!

3. bithits.info

Their system is blisteringly simple to use. Just send hits to the following link: http://www.BitHits.info/index.php?ref=[Your BTC Address]. Thats it! Just start telling your visitors about that link and then make a few more BTC in the process.


A Review of Top 10 Online Stock Trading Services

A Review of Top 10 Online Stock Trading Services

Source: http://online-stock-trading-review.toptenreviews.com/

optionsXpress optionsHouse TradeKing Scottrade Fidelity E*Trade Financial Charles Schwab TD Ameritrade ShareBuilder Firstrade
Investments Offered
Stocks
Options
Mutual Funds
Exchange-Traded Funds
Retirement Accounts
Education Savings Plans No
International Stock Exchange No No No No No No No
Fees and Commissions
Broker-Assisted Orders 0 4.75 4.95 27 7.95 45 25 44.99 NA 26.95
Market Trades 8.95 4.75 4.95 7 7.95 7.99 8.95 9.99 6.95 6.95
Limit Trades 8.95 4.75 4.95 7 7.95 7.99 8.95 9.99 6.95 6.95
Options Trades 8.95 5 for $5 or $8.50 + .15/contract 4.95 7 7.95 7.99 8.95 9.99 6.95 6.95
Margin Rates 4%+ 1.5 – 4% 4.5 – 6.5% -0.2425 2.825 – 3.75% 3.89 – 8% 6 – 8.5% 1.25 – (-1.5%) 3.95 – 6.5% 5 – 7.75%
Trading and Investment Tools
Alerts
Level I Quotes
Level II Quotes No
Automated Trading No No
Charts and Graphs
Criteria Based Search
Analyst Research Reports
Watch Lists
Virtual Trading No No No No No No No No
Mobile Tools
General Cellphone Features
Android
iPhone No
BlackBerry No
No No
Resources
Beginning Investor Education
Seminars/ Live Events No
Webinars No No No
Video No No No
Tax Information No
Blogs No No No No No No
Retirement Resources No No
Help & Support
Telephone
Email
Forum No No No No No No
Live Chat No No No No No
24H/7D No No No No No No

Buy Bitcoins with Linden dollars (2/2)

STEP 1

Go to VirWoX and and register with them. Note that you do not need to submit your second life avatar name, just ignore it.

STEP 2

Login to your VirWoX account, deposit some real money using Paypal, Credit card, Paysafe card, Sofort banking or Neteller. Note that

VirWoX restricts amount of deposits for avoiding fraud risks.

STEP 3

Buy some linden dollars with the funds you deposited in step 2.

STEP 4

Buy bitcoins with linden dollars bought in step 3.

Step 5.

Now you own some bitcoins in your VirWoX wallet, you can transfer these bitcoins to your prepared personal wallet. It is done!

Unfortunately, VirWoX posted an important announcement on 2014-02-12. BITCOIN WITHDRAWALS SUSPENDED! Because of a denial-of-service attack against the Bitcoin protocol, they have to suspend bitcoin withdrawals temporarily until a software fix is issued.


How to apply IPO for your virtual company in a virtual stock market?

capex

Capital Exchange Stock Market Simulation Game
(Also known as “CapEx”)

Skip Oceanlane
CEO and Majority Owner

www.slcapex.com

********************

What is the Second Life Capital Exchange?

Capital Exchange Stock Market Simulation Game (“CapEx”) is a Stock Market Simulation operating adjacent to Second Life(R).  Our website, www.slcapex.com, provides a platform for trading stocks of virtual companies conducting business within Second Life.  Second Life is a trademark of Linden Lab.  The website www.slcapex.com and its affiliates are NOT affiliated with Linden Lab.  By depositing Lindens in the CapEx ATM or using the website www.slcapex.com, you agree to all the policies and terms of service listed at: http://www.slcapex.com/content/info.

********************

Why should you list your company at Capital Exchange?  Read below:

Introduction to an IPO – Short Version

You’re interested in raising Lindens for your business, but it’s not very easy, is it?  We at CapEx give you a better way to do so.  In the last 24 months we have helped companies sell over L$200,000,000 in virtual stock!  Basically, here it how this works:

1) You come up with a plan for your existing company (we prefer companies that are already break-even or making a profit); explaining how it will sustain itself over the long term with reliable income, and profits to pay out to those that wish to invest in you.  At the current time we are not accepting applications from “new” companies that haven’t formed yet.

2) You present your business plan to CapEx.  We will interview you, review your plan, and determine if we think your business will be sustainable for listing.  A company review could take between 10-30 days as we are very careful who we allow to list.

3) If approved, you choose how much stock you wish to create for your company, most times keeping a majority of stock for the CEO (usually yourself).  This is called an “Initial Public Offering” (IPO) of your stock.  You have to balance your need for Lindens with how much capital you think you can raise.  It’s not going to be easy – you’ll have to go out there and sell your idea to investors but it can be fun and it’s good advertising for your company.

4) Once you sell all your stock to investors, your company is listed on CapEx.  People can now buy and sell your stock on the open market.  It’s your responsibility to maintain your company within the rules of the exchange.

5) As time goes on, you pay a dividend to all your shareholders using your profits.  This is how you keep your investors happy.  Because you also own stock, this is usually how you pay yourself.  You’ll be responsible to file monthly financials and to keep in contact with your shareholders/investors.

So those are the basics.  Below you can read a more detailed version about the technical aspects of listing a virtual company on CapEx.  Please note that you must read and agree to everything in this Notecard as well as all the rules and regulations of CapEx before applying.

If you think you qualify for your virtual company to be listed on CapEx, contact CEO Skip Oceanlane within Second Life, or e-mail him at nyrounder@aol.com.  Thank you for your interest and we wish you the best of luck!

Skip Oceanlane
CEO and Majority Shareholder
Capital Exchange
www.slcapex.com

********************

Here are all our listed companies as of March 23, 2012:

ADS – Second Ads
ARK – Arkad’s Products
BDVR – Blue Diamond Virtual Reit
BOOT – Bootgasm
BOTS – SmartBots
BRC – BR Corporation
BSF – CapEx Beta Stock Fund
CAPX – Capital Exchange
DFH – Digital Financial Holdings
DMC – Digital Mining Company
DMWA – Dead Men Walk Again
DSF – CapEx Delta Stock Fund
EAC – EA Creations
EARN – Earn2Life.com
EDMO – Edmose Group
EFT – EF Technologies
EVO – EVO Breeding Co.
FAC – Fairey Angel Creations
FKH – Flying Kitten Holdings
GSF – CapEx Gamma Stock Fund
GVC – GVConsulting
HCS – Hostcrate
ICE – Int’l Currency Exchange
IMBR – IMBROKERS Inc.
ITA – WNB ITA Holding
LIA – Legal Insanity Architecture
LLC – L&L Corporation Inc.
LLF – Leather & Lace Fashions
MLS – MiLOS Designs
MRG – Marix Group
MSX – Moneyservers Exchange
NBC – Nintai Brokerage Corp.
NIC – Nestler Investment Corp.
OIG – Online Investment Group
OMG – OMG! Inc
OSF – CapEx Omega Stock Fund
PLK – PixeLook.net
RPG – The Destiny RPG
SAS – SL Special Situations
SEC – Secondnights.com
SSF – CapEx Sigma Stock Fund
TALT – Triple A Lindex Trading
VBL – Verballis Translations Serv.
VES – Vestigium
VGW – Virtual Groundworks
VHEA – VH Employment Agency
VRS – Virtual Retailers
VSIF – Virtual Stock Invest. Fund
VTM – Virtual Tallinn Merch
YSL – Yanko Sella Land Company
ZEN – Zhenya Zoning Real Estate

********************

Introduction to an IPO – Detailed Version

(5) – IPO UNDERWRITING POLICIES

(5.1.a) – Thank you for considering listing your company on the SLCapEx.com website.  Our Underwriting Policies and Guidelines for submitting an IPO APPLICATION are defined below.  Before Submitting an application as an IPO CANDIDATE please thoroughly familiarize yourself with our IPO UNDERWRITING POLICIES.  This policy describes our minimum underwriting requirements, our IPO process, review criteria, and a general timeline for our evaluation of your submittal.

(5.1.b) – IPO Applicants should fully understand our “CONTINUED LISTING REQUIREMENTS” which outline the OBLIGATIONS and FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITIES you would have to SHAREHOLDERS, should you successfully complete an IPO and commence trading as a PUBLIC COMPANY.

PLEASE CONSIDER THESE OBLIGATIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE SUBMITTING AN APPLICATION – the TIME required to be successful here OFTEN exceeds 10-15 hours OR MORE per week.

(5.1.c) – Your RESPONSIBILITIES and OBLIGATIONS to SLCapEx.com, LLC are also described herein, including our COMPLIANCE and ENFORCEMENT POLICIES, FEES and FINES YOU and/or your COMPANY could be subject to should you violate our RULES.

(5.1.d) – SLCapEx.com ONLY accepts and considers IPO APPLICATIONS for entities that operate either EXCLUSIVELY WITHIN the Second Life(R) Environment, or entities that operate OUTSIDE of SL EXCLUSIVELY IN SUPPORT OF the Second Life(R) Environment and community.

At SLCapEx’s sole discretion, this may INCLUDE SL COMMERCE WEBSITES and/or ONLINE BLOGS or PERIODICALS, or other PUBLICATIONS whose editorial content predominately supports the SL community.

As a general Guideline, we tend to disqualify or reject most START-UP companies that have no operating history or existing revenue base.  These types of SL businesses have historically experienced extremely high failure rates as Public Companies.  However, IF your business concept is of exceptional merit and includes well-defined objectives and reasonably achievable financial goals, SLCapEx may be able to help you secure private venture funding to launch your company.

SLCapEx.com DOES NOT ACCEPT OR CONSIDER IPO APPLICATIONS that endeavor to pursue entrepreneurial opportunites unrelated to Second Life(R), or that attempt to leverage any RL commodity or Financial Instrument for capital gain or Financial Advantage on behalf of the SL Capital Exchange User Community.

SLCapEx will DISQUALIFY and REJECT out-of-hand without reservation any IPO Application that purports to offer any opportunity for RL monetary gain.

(5.1.e) – IF your company is currently listed on another SL Stock Exchange, and you are considering MOVING and RELISTING your COMPANY at SLCapEx.com, PLEASE, contact SLCapEx CEO Skip Oceanlane either IN-WORLD or via AOL E-Mail: (nyrounder@aol.com) PRIOR TO ANNOUNCING OR DISCLOSING YOUR INTENT.

Our Underwriting policies DIFFER SUBSTANTIALLY from other Exchanges and we generally move rather pragmatically as a result.  We welcome opportunities to discuss the merits of your company and ours, as well as the potential benefits and risks inherent in contemplating such a move  Please be assured, we will maintain complete *CONFIDENTIALITY and NON-DISCLOSURE* with respect to such dialogue.

As a self-regulating entity, SLCapEx vigorously monitors and enforces its policies.  We do this NOT so much as a punitive action against our member-companies, but rather as part of a good-faith effort on behalf of Investors who’ve often had litte voice in the SL Finance Community, and on occasion an even still smaller voice in the governance of the companies who trade within the SL Finance Community.

SLCapEx’s policies have been amended (effective January  15, 2011) as part of a broad attempt to fundamentally change the status quo within our at-large community.  Our forward success will be determined largely by the willingness and ability of our MEMBER-COMPANIES – and our INVESTORS – to ABIDE BY THESE POLICIES.

(5.2) – IPO CANDIDATE OFFICER REQUIREMENTS – SLCapEx IPO CANDIDATE COMPANIES must organize and elect a BOARD OF DIRECTORS (BoD) consisting of at minimum three persons and constituting IN ANY CONFIGURATION the following roles:

* a CHAIRMAN of the BOARD (COB),
* a CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO),
* a CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER (CFO), and
* AT LEAST ONE INDEPENDENT OUTSIDE DIRECTOR / BOARD MEMBER – (defined as a person having no direct operational responsibility for the day-to-day activities of the company).

The BoD may appoint additional OFFICERS (CCO, CIO, CMO, COO, CTO, etc.) where appropriate.

NOTICE: The 2:1 RATIO of OFFICERS to OUTSIDE DIRECTORS MUST PREVAIL AT ALL TIMES.

(5.2.a) – By Definition, the COB is responsible FOR/TO the SHAREHOLDERS above ALL else.  Typically the COB is also responsible for articulating the strategic Business Plan, and for oversight of all other Company Officers.

(5.2.b) – The CEO is responsible for the company’s operational performance and tactical execution of the Business Plan.

(5.2.c) – The CFO is responsible for the Financial performance of the company, and particularly for producing and distributing an accurate INCOME STATEMENT and BALANCE SHEET each month.

(5.2.d) – The OUTSIDE DIRECTOR/BOARDMEMBER(s) is/are responsible for monitoring the character and integrity of the BoD independently, and shall report any irregularities he/she may discover to the SHAREHOLDERS and SLCapEx promptly.

(5.2.e) – The BoD shall serve AT THE DISCRETION OF THE SHAREHOLDERS as determined by a COMMON MAJORITY SHAREHOLDER VOTE for a TERM LIMIT as DEFINED in a Corporate Charter, Business Plan, Articles of Incorporation, Prospectus, Published Shareholder Meeting Minutes or other documents that adequately describes the roles and responsibilities, and SERVICE TERM of EACH OFFICER.

Such document shall additionally define the NOMINATION and ELECTION PROCESS for the replacement of Board Members should an Officer resign or otherwise fail to complete their term (ie; Special Election).

(5.2.f) – At company formation, the BoD MUST DEFINE a BUSINESS SUCCESSION PLAN that clearly and definitively articulates a strategy for either the CONTINUATION OF THE BUSINESS AS AN ONGOING CONCERN or LIQUIDATION OF ITS ASSETS IN A MANNER PREFERENTIAL TO NON-OFFICER SHAREHOLDERS in the event that an OFFICER OR FOUNDER exits the business unexpectedly.

Such plan must be PUBLISHED on SLCapEx AND DISTRIBUTED to SHAREHOLDERS as a BINDING COVENANT and ADMINISTERED in good faith as countersigned by each member of the BoD.

(5.2.g) – ALL OFFICERS shall meet the following minimum requirements;

(i) – Must be a “Resident” of Second Life(R) in good standing for a minimum of 90 days prior to commencing an IPO as evidenced by the “BORN:” date displayed in your SL Avatar Profile,
(ii) – Must have “Payment Information” on file with Linden Lab as evidenced by the information contained in the “ACCOUNT:” field of your SL Avatar Profile,
(iii) – Must be articulate and fluent in the English Language.

(5.2.h) – For FRAUD PREVENTION PURPOSES, at SLCapEx’s discretion, We MAY REQUIRE …  that CANDIDATE OFFICERS submit VERIFIABLE DOCUMENTATION evidencing your RL IDENTITY, AGE, LOCATION and CONTACT INFORMATION as a pre-condition and as an ongoing requirement for BOARDMEMBERS.  Please Note: SLCapEx will SAFEGUARD ANY SUCH INFORMATION to the best of its ability pursuant to the SLCapex.com PRIVACY POLICY and subject to the conditions and exceptions therein.

(5.2.i) – ALL of the foregoing IPO CANDIDATE OFFICER REQUIREMENTS must be on-file and complete to the sole satisfaction of SLCapEx PRIOR TO THE COMMENCEMENT and SALE OF INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING SHARES TO THE PUBLIC.  In the event that a BoD is NEWLY NOMINATED as part of the IPO, such nominations shall be RATIFIED BY SHAREHOLDERS WITHIN 30 DAYS of THE COMMENCEMENT OF TRADING FOLLOWING THE SUCESSFUL COMPLETION OF AN IPO.


Do you have virtual money?

Do you have virtual money?

Virtual money is money that exists in digital form. It must not be physical, such as printed paper money or minted metal or coins. Today virtual money, or say virtual currency, may refer to

1. a digital currency like famous Bitcoin, Ripple, Litecoin

2. a currency in a virtual economy like linden dollar in the most successful Internet game Second Life

People can exchange between their real money and those virtual money at online virtual money exchange service providers. Most of these providers are not banks or other real world financial dealers, people may risk themselves when doing online virtual money exchange.

Some people own virtual money for their online games or other digital experiences, some for making money. How about you? Do you have your own virtual money? Are you going to buy some?


可在msn上玩的英国多人游戏:谁是吸血鬼

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游戏的产生背景

吸血鬼(vampire)的传说在西方世界历史悠久且极具传奇性。早在古希腊和罗马时代,就有关于妖魔饮食人血增强法力的传说。进入中世纪后,这些吸血妖魔的传说逐渐演变成了吸血鬼。吸血鬼靠吸食人类和动物的血生活,非常注重血统,数量一直都很少,狼人和野蛮人是吸血鬼的忠实仆人。据资料记载,当时欧洲大陆出现了很多坟墓里的尸体自我吞食和爬出坟墓吸食人血的新闻,被认为是吸血鬼的出现,引起了人们对吸血鬼的恐惧和好奇,相关的宗教和医学研究也随之展开。

(上图:中世纪以前人们想象中被吸血妖魔伤害后的人类)

1731年,在今天南斯拉夫境内的一名军医Fluckinger调查了当地的有关吸血鬼的传说和真实事件,并编纂了一本《见闻与发现》,呈交至当地的军事法庭,引起社会公众对吸血鬼的极大好奇和恐惧。1732年,《伦敦日报》刊登了有关吸血鬼的文章,并第一次将vampire这个词引入英语,掀起了伦敦上层社会对吸血鬼和与之相关的神秘现象的研究热潮。

伊顿公学(Eton college)是英国最著名的贵族中学,于1440年由英皇亨利六世创办,是英国王室、政界精英的摇篮。而伊顿公学的联谊辩论俱乐部是当时走在时代最前面的一个研究神秘现象的社团。早在1597年,当时该俱乐部的活跃分子,后来的英国国王詹姆士一世(James I),就曾发表过著名的《恶魔研究》。这个俱乐部的成员大多出身高贵、受过良好教育,而且年轻气盛,更容易接受新事物的挑战。1733年期间,俱乐部组织了很多次以吸血鬼为主题的舞台演出,邀请了当时伦敦的上层人士来观看,据说当坟墓内尸体自我吞食的场景出现时,观看者大多魂飞魄散。

(上图:17世纪泰晤士河畔的伊顿公学)

(上图:英格兰国王詹姆士一世)

1733年冬季,发生了一件轰动伦敦的事情,据伊顿公学的档案记载,该校联谊辩论俱乐部的四名年轻成员结伴前往传说中吸血鬼的故乡特兰西瓦尼亚(Transylvania,今罗马尼亚境内喀尔巴千山附近)。在当时伦敦的正统天主教徒眼中,深入这样的异教徒和妖魔横行的蛮荒地区是完全不可理解的,更不是一个贵族青年所应有的作为。以至于伊顿公学公开发表声明,无论这四名学生能否安然无恙地回来,他们的学籍都将被取消。

(上图:特兰西瓦尼亚古地图)

尽管如此,四名年轻的学生仍然踏上了他们的寻访吸血鬼之路。这四名勇敢的学生是:Hamilton Marcus Qatar,Quiller Xemon,Yeates Zangwill和Zechariah Morris Yule。

在18世纪,从英国前往特兰西瓦尼亚是一段艰苦的长途旅程。经过数月的奔波后,他们到达神秘的特兰西瓦尼亚,并在当地居住了3年。在这3年中,他们对当地的吸血鬼传说和事件作了详尽的调查,得出的结论是:吸血鬼是真实存在的。他们利用天主教的思想和方法向当地人传授如何辨认、驱赶和消灭吸血鬼,其中流传至今的一个最著名的一个方法是:在刚刚死去要下葬的人嘴里放一枚硬币,胸前放一个十字架,为的是防止此人因嗜血而自我咀嚼最终变成吸血鬼。他们还创造了几种有效地辨认已经被感染但尚未变成吸血鬼的人类的办法。

(上图:18世纪欧洲人想象中的特兰西瓦尼亚风情)

1736年,四名青年中的三名回到了伦敦,再次造成了轰动。他们关于吸血鬼的调查研究手稿引起教会、学校、医院、神秘团体的极大兴趣。伊顿公学迫于压力,恢复了三人的学籍。剩下的一名学生,选择了永远留在特兰西瓦尼亚传教,在传教的同时,他把英国先进的冶炼技术带到了特兰西瓦尼亚。至今,在罗马尼亚境内还流传着关于这个毕生与吸血鬼战斗的英国人的传说。

三名学生带回来的研究手稿被保存在伊顿公学,因教会不同意,始终没有得到出版的机会。1897年,爱尔兰人Bram Stoker得到机会在伊顿公学阅读了那份手稿,激起了他极大的创作热情。在当时维多利亚时代哥特氏精神的影响下,他继续研究了关于吸血鬼和特兰西瓦尼亚的几乎所有资料,于当年完成了小说《德考拉》(dracula),描写了一个居住在特兰西瓦尼亚的吸血公爵德考拉的故事,这就是流传至今的第一个关于吸血鬼的最具影响力的文学作品。人们今天看到、读到的关于吸血鬼的影视文学作品,绝大部分都是1897年Bram Stoker的《德考拉》的翻本。(具钱包老大所知,最近的一次翻本是好莱坞拍摄的《惊情四百年》)

(上图:Bram Stoker)

(上图:20世纪重拍的Bram Stoker的Dracula海报)

以上谈到的是整个事件的来龙去脉,接下来才是重点。

伊顿公学联谊辩论俱乐部的这四名青年,在特兰西瓦尼亚的3年艰苦生活中,始终保持着他们的贵族生活方式和行事作风。每周六在晚餐后,四人都会聚在一起抽烟、打牌、高谈阔论,就像他们在伦敦时那样。倒霉地是,到达当地不久后,他们唯一的一副扑克牌丢失了,剥夺了他们最大的乐趣。后来,其中的一个人想到一个好主意,发明了一个叫“谁是吸血鬼?”的四人游戏,游戏规则简单,但极需动脑、竞技性很强。游戏试图模拟和总结当地人们辨认吸血鬼的经验,特别是其中以下三点:

1)与人类相比,吸血鬼永远是少数,而且吸血鬼习惯于单独行动。
2)人类在被感染但没有变成吸血鬼之前是不知道自己是不是吸血鬼的,这个时候,他们在意识、思维上还具有人类的特征。
3)发现已经被感染成吸血鬼的人类的最简单办法就是通过大量、简单、反复的语言试探和逻辑盘问。

在3年的异域蛮荒生活后,三名学生返回伦敦,并将“谁是吸血鬼?”的游戏带回了伊顿公学。此游戏迅速在伦敦上流社会流传开来,成为很多俱乐部的固定游戏。从1788年开始,一些俱乐部定期举办游戏大赛,并将这个传统保持至今。